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Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 347501, 8 pages
Research Article

Community-Based Decision Making and Priority Setting Using the R Software: The Community Priority Index

1Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, 3701 Kirby Drive, Suite 600, Houston, TX 77098, USA
2REACHUP, Inc., 2902 N. Armenia Avenue, Suite 100, Tampa, FL 33607, USA
3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs Boulevard, MDC 56, Tampa, FL 33612, USA

Received 5 January 2015; Revised 6 February 2015; Accepted 9 February 2015

Academic Editor: Thomas Desaive

Copyright © 2015 Hamisu M. Salihu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper outlines how to compute community priority indices in the context of multicriteria decision making in community settings. A simple R function was developed and validated with community needs assessment data. Particularly, the first part of this paper briefly overviews the existing methods for priority setting and reviews the utility of a multicriteria decision-making approach for community-based prioritization. The second part illustrates how community priority indices can be calculated using the freely available R program to handle community data by showing the computational and mathematical steps of CPI (Community Priority Index) with bootstrapped 95% confidence intervals.