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Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 751035, 12 pages
Research Article

Two 27 MHz Simple Inductive Loops, as Hyperthermia Treatment Applicators: Theoretical Analysis and Development

12nd Department of Radiology, ATTIKON University Hospital, Medical School, University of Athens, Rimini 1, Haidari, 124 64 Athens, Greece
2Microwave and Fiber Optics Laboratory, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Communication and Computer Systems, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Zografou, Greece
31st Department of Radiology, Aretaieion University Hospital, Medical School, University of Athens, Vassilissis Sofias 76, 115 28 Athens, Greece

Received 9 June 2015; Accepted 1 October 2015

Academic Editor: Chung-Min Liao

Copyright © 2015 Vassilis Kouloulias et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Deep heating is still the main subject for research in hyperthermia treatment. Aim. The purpose of this study was to develop and analyze a simple loop as a heating applicator. Methods. The performance of two 27 MHz inductive loop antennas as potential applicators in hyperthermia treatment was studied theoretically as well as experimentally in phantoms. Two inductive loop antennas with radii 7 cm and 9 cm were designed, simulated, and constructed. The theoretical analysis was performed by using Green’s function and Bessel’s function technique. Experiments were performed with phantoms radiated by the aforementioned loop antennas. Results. The specific absorption rate (SAR) distributions were estimated from the respective local phantom temperature measurements. Comparisons of the theoretical, simulation, and experimental studies showed satisfying agreement. The penetration depth was measured theoretically and experimentally in the range of 2–3.5 cm. Conclusion. The theoretical and experimental analysis showed that current loops are efficient in the case where the peripheral heating of spherical tumor formation located at 2–3.5 cm depth is required.