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Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1247560, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1247560
Research Article

Statistical Analyses of Femur Parameters for Designing Anatomical Plates

1College of Internet of Things Engineering, Hohai University, Changzhou, China
2Changzhou City Key Lab of Orthopaedic Implants Digital Technology, Changzhou, China

Received 3 July 2016; Revised 20 October 2016; Accepted 30 October 2016

Academic Editor: Ezequiel López-Rubio

Copyright © 2016 Lin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Femur parameters are key prerequisites for scientifically designing anatomical plates. Meanwhile, individual differences in femurs present a challenge to design well-fitting anatomical plates. Therefore, to design anatomical plates more scientifically, analyses of femur parameters with statistical methods were performed in this study. The specific steps were as follows. First, taking eight anatomical femur parameters as variables, 100 femur samples were classified into three classes with factor analysis and Q-type cluster analysis. Second, based on the mean parameter values of the three classes of femurs, three sizes of average anatomical plates corresponding to the three classes of femurs were designed. Finally, based on Bayes discriminant analysis, a new femur could be assigned to the proper class. Thereafter, the average anatomical plate suitable for that new femur was selected from the three available sizes of plates. Experimental results showed that the classification of femurs was quite reasonable based on the anatomical aspects of the femurs. For instance, three sizes of condylar buttress plates were designed. Meanwhile, 20 new femurs are judged to which classes the femurs belong. Thereafter, suitable condylar buttress plates were determined and selected.