Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 8204294, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8204294
Research Article

Peritoneal Fluid Transport rather than Peritoneal Solute Transport Associates with Dialysis Vintage and Age of Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

1Nalecz Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02 109 Warsaw, Poland
2Military Institute of Medicine, 04 141 Warsaw, Poland
3Divisions of Baxter Novum and Renal Medicine, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, 141 52 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 8 October 2015; Accepted 13 January 2016

Academic Editor: Andrzej Kloczkowski

Copyright © 2016 Jacek Waniewski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. T. Krediet, B. Lindholm, and B. Rippe, “Pathophysiology of peritoneal membrane failure,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 20, supplement 4, pp. S22–S42, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. V. La Milia, “Peritoneal transport testing,” Journal of Nephrology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 633–647, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W.-K. Lo, J. M. Bargman, J. Burkart et al., “Guideline on targets for solute and fluid removal in adult patients on chronic peritoneal dialysis,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 520–522, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Mujais, K. Nolph, R. Gokal et al., “Evaluation and management of ultrafiltration problems in peritoneal dialysis. International society for peritoneal dialysis ad hoc committee on ultrafiltration management in peritoneal dialysis,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 20, supplement 4, pp. S5–S21, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  5. J. Waniewski, “Peritoneal fluid transport: mechanisms, pathways, methods of assessment,” Archives of Medical Research, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 576–583, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Waniewski, “Mathematical modeling of fluid and solute transport in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 274, no. 1-2, pp. 24–37, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. Van Biesen, A. Van Der Tol, N. Veys, N. Lameire, and R. Vanholder, “Evaluation of the peritoneal membrane function by three letter word acronyms: PET, PDC®, SPA, PD-Adequest, POL: what to do?” Contributions to Nephrology, vol. 150, pp. 37–41, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Waniewski, O. Heimburger, A. Werynski, and B. Lindholm, “Simple models for fluid transport during peritoneal dialysis,” International Journal of Artificial Organs, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 455–466, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. Rippe, “A three-pore model of peritoneal transport,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 13, supplement 2, pp. S35–S38, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. B. Rippe, “Free water transport, small pore transport and the osmotic pressure gradient three-pore model of peritoneal transport,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 2147–2153, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Waniewski, J. Poleszczuk, S. Antosiewicz et al., “Can the three pore model correctly describe peritoneal transport of protein?” ASAIO Journal, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 576–581, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. L. Dedrick, M. F. Flessner, J. M. Collins, and J. S. Schultz, “Is the peritoneum a membrane?” ASAIO Journal, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. F. Flessner, R. L. Dedrick, and J. S. Schultz, “A distributed model of peritoneal-plasma transport: theoretical considerations,” The American Journal of Physiology, vol. 246, no. 4, part 2, pp. R597–R607, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Stachowska-Pietka, J. Waniewski, M. F. Flessner, and B. Lindholm, “Distributed model of peritoneal fluid absorption,” American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology, vol. 291, no. 4, pp. H1862–H1874, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Stachowska-Pietka, J. Waniewski, M. F. Flessner, and B. Lindholm, “Computer simulations of osmotic ultrafiltration and small-solute transport in peritoneal dialysis: a spatially distributed approach,” The American Journal of Physiology—Renal Physiology, vol. 302, no. 10, pp. F1331–F1341, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Waniewski, J. Stachowska-Pietka, and M. F. Flessner, “Distributed modeling of osmotically driven fluid transport in peritoneal dialysis: theoretical and computational investigations,” The American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology, vol. 296, no. 6, pp. H1960–H1968, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Waniewski, A. Werynski, and B. Lindholm, “Effect of blood perfusion on diffusive transport in peritoneal dialysis,” Kidney International, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 707–713, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Rippe, O. Simonsen, and G. Stelin, “Clinical implications of a three-pore model of peritoneal transport,” Advances in Peritoneal Dialysis, vol. 7, pp. 3–9, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  19. B. Rippe and L. Levin, “Computer simulations of ultrafiltration profiles for an icodextrin-based peritoneal fluid in CAPD,” Kidney International, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 2546–2556, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Haraldsson, “Assessing the peritoneal dialysis capacities of individual patients,” Kidney International, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1187–1198, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. Rippe, D. Venturoli, O. Simonsen, and J. de Arteaga, “Fluid and electrolyte transport across the peritoneal membrane during CAPD according to the three-pore model,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 10–27, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Waniewski, M. Debowska, and B. Lindholm, “How accurate is the description of transport kinetics in peritoneal dialysis according to different versions of the three-pore model?” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 53–60, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Galach, A. Werynski, J. Waniewski, P. Freida, and B. Lindholm, “Kinetic analysis of peritoneal fluid and solute transport with combination of glucose and icodextrin as osmotic agents,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 72–80, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Waniewski, M. Debowska, and B. Lindholm, “Water and solute transport through different types of pores in peritoneal membrane in CAPD patients with ultrafiltration failure,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 664–669, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Rippe and S. Davies, “Permeability of peritoneal and glomerular capillaries: what are the differences according to pore theory?” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 249–258, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Galach, S. Antosiewicz, D. Baczynski, Z. Wankowicz, and J. Waniewski, “Sequential peritoneal equilibration test: a new method for assessment and modelling of peritoneal transport,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 447–454, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. W. Van Biesen, O. Carlsson, R. Bergia et al., “Personal dialysis capacity (PDC(TM)) test: a multicentre clinical study,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 788–796, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. W. Van Biesen, A. Van der Tol, N. Veys et al., “The personal dialysis capacity test is superior to the peritoneal equilibration test to discriminate inflammation as the cause of fast transport status in peritoneal dialysis patients,” Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 269–274, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. O. Devuyst and B. Rippe, “Water transport across the peritoneal membrane,” Kidney International, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 750–758, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. J. Davies, L. Phillips, A. M. Griffiths, L. H. Russell, P. F. Naish, and G. I. Russell, “What really happens to people on long-term peritoneal dialysis?” Kidney International, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 2207–2217, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. J. Davies, “Longitudinal relationship between solute transport and ultrafiltration capacity in peritoneal dialysis patients,” Kidney International, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 2437–2445, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. J. Davies, E. A. Brown, N. E. Frandsen et al., “Longitudinal membrane function in functionally anuric patients treated with APD: data from EAPOS on the effects of glucose and icodextrin prescription,” Kidney International, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 1609–1615, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. J. Davies, L. Mushahar, Z. Yu, and M. Lambie, “Determinants of peritoneal membrane function over time,” Seminars in Nephrology, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 172–182, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. W. M. Michels, M. Verduijn, A. Parikova et al., “Time course of peritoneal function in automated and continuous peritoneal dialysis,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 605–611, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. M. Coester, W. Smit, D. G. Struijk, A. Parikova, and R. T. Krediet, “Longitudinal analysis of peritoneal fluid transport and its determinants in a cohort of incident peritoneal dialysis patients,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 195–203, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. R. T. Krediet and D. G. Struijk, “Peritoneal changes in patients on long-term peritoneal dialysis,” Nature Reviews Nephrology, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 419–429, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Z. Yu, M. Lambie, and S. J. Davies, “Longitudinal study of small solute transport and peritoneal protein clearance in peritoneal dialysis patients,” Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 326–334, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. D. N. Churchill, K. E. Thorpe, K. D. Nolph, P. R. Keshaviah, D. G. Oreopoulos, and D. Pagé, “Increased peritoneal membrane transport is associated with decreased patient and technique survival for continuous peritoneal dialysis patients,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1285–1292, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. Rumpsfeld, S. P. McDonald, D. M. Purdie, J. Collins, and D. W. Johnson, “Predictors of baseline peritoneal transport status in Australian and New Zealand peritoneal dialysis patients,” American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 492–501, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. V. La Milia, S. Di Filippo, M. Crepaldi et al., “Mini-peritoneal equilibration test: a simple and fast method to assess free water and small solute transport across the peritoneal membrane,” Kidney International, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 840–846, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. J. Stachowska-Pietka, J. Waniewski, E. Vonesh, and B. Lindholm, “Changes in free water fraction and aquaporin function with dwell time during continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis,” Artificial Organs, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 1138–1143, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. B. Rippe and G. Stelin, “Simulations of peritoneal solute transport during CAPD. Application of two-pore formalism,” Kidney International, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1234–1244, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. Kagan, Y. Bar-Khayim, Z. Schafer, and M. Fainaru, “Kinetics of peritoneal protein loss during CAPD: I. Different characteristics for low and high molecular weight proteins,” Kidney International, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 971–979, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. A. L. T. Imholz, G. C. M. Koomen, D. G. Struijk, L. Arisz, and R. T. Krediet, “Effect of dialysate osmolarity on the transport of low-molecular weight solutes and proteins during CAPD,” Kidney International, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 1339–1346, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M. M. Pannekeet, A. L. T. Imholz, D. G. Struijk et al., “The standard peritoneal permeability analysis: a tool for the assessment of peritoneal permeability characteristics in CAPD patients,” Kidney International, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 866–875, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. J. Waniewski, T. Wang, O. Heimbürger, A. Werynski, and B. Lindholm, “Discriminative impact of ultrafiltration on peritoneal protein transport,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 39–46, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. E. R. Zakaria, A. A. Patel, N. Li, P. J. Matheson, and R. N. Garrison, “Vasoactive components of dialysis solution,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 283–295, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. J. D. Williams, K. J. Craig, N. Topley et al., “Morphologic changes in the peritoneal membrane of patients with renal disease,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 470–479, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. T. Wang, H.-H. Cheng, O. Heimbürger et al., “Hyaluronan decreases peritoneal fluid absorption: effect of molecular weight and concentration of hyaluronan,” Kidney International, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 667–673, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. B. Lee and H. Ha, “Mechanisms of epithelial-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells during peritoneal dialysis,” Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 943–945, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. J. Waniewski, O. Heimbürger, A. Werynski, and B. Lindholm, “Osmotic conductance of the peritoneum in CAPD patients with permanent loss of ultrafiltration capacity,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 488–496, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. J. Waniewski, D. Sobiecka, M. Debowska, O. Heimbürger, A. Weryński, and B. Lindholm, “Fluid and solute transport in CAPD patients before and after permanent loss of ultrafiltration capacity,” International Journal of Artificial Organs, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 976–984, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. V. La Milia, M. Limardo, G. Virga, M. Crepaldi, and F. Locatelli, “Simultaneous measurement of peritoneal glucose and free water osmotic conductances,” Kidney International, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 643–650, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. Waniewski, R. Paniagua, J. Stachowska-Pietka et al., “Threefold peritoneal test of osmotic conductance, ultrafiltration efficiency, and fluid absorption,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 419–425, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. D. Sobiecka, J. Waniewski, A. Weryński, and B. Lindholm, “Peritoneal fluid transport in CAPD patients with different transport rates of small solutes,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 240–251, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. J. P. Kooman, P. Kotanko, A. M. W. J. Schols, P. G. Shiels, and P. Stenvinkel, “Chronic kidney disease and premature ageing,” Nature Reviews Nephrology, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 732–742, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus