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Volume 2018, Article ID 6568719, 15 pages
Research Article

Analysis of Complexity of Unsafe Behavior in Construction Teams and a Multiagent Simulation

1School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212003, China
2Computational Experiment Center for Social Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhen Li; nc.ude.sju@9854000001

Received 24 May 2018; Accepted 25 July 2018; Published 23 August 2018

Academic Editor: Shoujun Huang

Copyright © 2018 Zhen Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The processes in construction are more likely than others to breed unsafe behaviors, and the consequences of these actions can be serious. This paper first reviews the research status on unsafe behavior in construction teams. It then analyzes the complex mechanisms that lead to unsafe behavior and constructs a three-layer structural model based on agent-based modeling (ABM) technology. This modeling deals with complexity and elaborates on key points and potential research ideas in the study of unsafe behavior in construction teams. Using the ABM method, the effects of different incentive strategies on the safe behavior of construction teams under different management scenarios were studied. The results showed that when members have a fair perception of the situation, the effect of the excess performance reward distribution, according to the member’s safety awareness level, is better than the average distribution effect. This is the case whether the member’s safety behavior level is positively or negatively related to the member’s safety awareness level. This study proves the feasibility, validity, and universality of the three-layer structural model. It also reaches certain management conclusions and ideas for further development. The purpose of this paper is to provide a reference for research on the containment and prevention of unsafe behavior in construction teams.