Complexity / 2018 / Article / Tab 10

Research Article

Improved Firefly Algorithm: A Novel Method for Optimal Operation of Thermal Generating Units

Table 10

Result comparisons for Case 4.

MethodBest cost ($)Mean cost ($)Worst cost ($)BCI (%)

CCDE [13]121,412.58121,413.56121,416.5370,000−0.002
CSA [16]121,412.54121,520.41121810.25160,000−0.002
BBO [26]121,426.95121,508.03121,688.66200,000+0.010
FPA [39]121,074.50121,095.70121,196.302000−0.281
OLCSO [44]121,415.82121,504.05121,460.78400,000+0.001
FA [47]121,415.05121,416.57121,424.5650,000+0.000
KHA1 [23]121,460.42121,468.98121,477.4610,000+0.038
KHA2 [23]121,448.36121,453.68121,461.3910,000+0.028
KHA3 [23]121,423.46121,428.23121,433.5610,000+0.007
KHA4 [23]121,412.60121,413.15121,415.0010,000−0.002
CFA [51]121,415.02121,416.23121,420.67336,000+0.00035
IFA121,414.6121,549.038121,787.5100,0000.000