Complexity / 2018 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Improved Firefly Algorithm: A Novel Method for Optimal Operation of Thermal Generating Units

Table 6

Improvement of IFA over FA for Cases 1 and 2.

CaseCompared methodBest cost improvement (%)Std. dev. improvement (%)

1FA0.01499.81
PSO0.00999.70
FPA0.00398.31
DE0.00399.81
CSA0.01199.23

2FA1.03799.86
PSO0.08299.85
FPA0.00098.83
DE0.27699.87
CSA0.02599.77