Complexity / 2018 / Article / Tab 7

Research Article

Improved Firefly Algorithm: A Novel Method for Optimal Operation of Thermal Generating Units

Table 7

Result comparisons for Case 1.

MethodBest cost ($)Mean cost ($)Worst cost ($)BCI (%)

DE [11]15,449.7715,449.8715,449.783600+0.0433
GA [11]15,45915,52415,4693600+0.1030
PSO [11]15,45015,49215,4543600+0.0448
KHA1 [23]15,450.7515,452.8215,455.5010,000+0.0497
KHA2 [23]15,448.2115,450.8315,453.4010,000+0.0333
KHA3 [23]15,445.3615,447.2215,449.6010,000+0.0148
KHA4 [23]15,443.0815,443.1915,443.3010,0000.0000
OBKHA [24]15,443.0815,443.9215,443.330.0000
BBO [26]15,443.1010,000+0.0002
EMA [30]15,443.0715,443.0850,0000.0000
AIS [34]15,4484000+0.0319
NAPSO [18]15,443.7715,443.7715,443.773000+0.0045
NAPSO1 [18]15,449.1415,451.0415,452.923000+0.0393
NAPSO 2 [18]15,444.7715,446.7715,449.773000+0.0110
NAPSO 3 [18]15,449.0815,450.3315,452.783000+0.0389
α-MFA [53]15442.91200−0.0011
IFA15,443.07515,443.1215,443.52300