Flocking Behavior of Cucker–Smale Model with Processing Delay
. Systems (3) and (4) converge asymptotically to form a flock. The convergence rate is slower than that in Example 1 due to processing delays. The diameter of the population is larger than that in Example 1, which means that the cohesion and aggregation density between particles are not as good as the case in Example 1.
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