Research Article | Open Access

Lixia Ye, Yonghui Xia, Jin-liang Yan, Haidong Liu, "Synchronization Analysis for Stochastic Inertial Memristor-Based Neural Networks with Linear Coupling", *Complexity*, vol. 2020, Article ID 5430410, 14 pages, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/5430410

# Synchronization Analysis for Stochastic Inertial Memristor-Based Neural Networks with Linear Coupling

**Academic Editor:**Jianquan Lu

#### Abstract

This paper concerns the synchronization problem for a class of stochastic memristive neural networks with inertial term, linear coupling, and time-varying delay. Based on the interval parametric uncertainty theory, the stochastic inertial memristor-based neural networks (IMNNs for short) with linear coupling are transformed to a stochastic interval parametric uncertain system. Furthermore, by applying the Lyapunov stability theorem, the stochastic analysis approach, and the Halanay inequality, some sufficient conditions are obtained to realize synchronization in mean square. The established criteria show that stochastic perturbation is designed to ensure that the coupled IMNNs can be synchronized better by changing the state coefficients of stochastic perturbation. Finally, an illustrative example is presented to demonstrate the efficiency of the theoretical results.

#### 1. Introduction

The memristor [1] is a kind of a nonlinear resistor with memory and nanoscale, which is widely applied in chaotic circuits, artificial neural networks, and so on. In [2], the relevant mechanisms of neural networks, such as long-term potentiation and spike time-dependent plasticity, are presented by applying basic electric circuits, and more complex mechanisms are constructed to mimic the synaptic connections in a (human) brain. During neuron transmission, synchronous resonance is a very important biological phenomenon. In recent years, a lot of systems have been investigated to realize synchronization such as time-varying switched systems, MNNs, and BAM neural networks [3â€“19]. In [8], a new switching pinning controller was designed to finite-time synchronization in nonlinear coupled neural networks by regulating a parameter. Therefore, it is necessary for synchronization to design a suitable controller, such as impulsive controller [11, 12, 20â€“22], nonchattering controller [19], and switching controller [6â€“8]. Based on parametric uncertainty and state dependency in the connection weight matrices of MNNs, the connection weight matrices jump in certain intervals. Duan and Huang [23] proposed periodicity and dissipativity for memristor-based neural networks with mixed delays involving both time-varying delays and distributed delays via using Mawhin-like coincidence theorem, inclusion theory, and M-matrix properties. The authors established two different types of exponential synchronization criteria for the coupled MNNs based on the master-slave (drive response) concept and discontinuous state feedback controller, and simultaneously, an estimation of the exponential synchronization rate was estimated (see [24]). It is worth pointing out that, the authors in [25, 26] added the linear coupling and interval term into MNNs to achieve two different synchronization via applying the Halanay inequality [27] and the Lyapunov method. However, there were essential differences between the synchronization results established by these two literature studies. In [25], the differential inclusion method was applied to transform the coupled connection weight matrices; moreover, a discontinuous controller was designed to ensure that multiple IMMNs can be synchronized. Li and Zheng [26] demonstrated that the coupled connection weight matrices can be decomposed by interval analysis [28], which by weakening the matrices satisfies the conditions. Besides, the new synchronization criteria for IMMNs with linear coupling were established.

As we know, noise plays an important role in synchronization since it can stabilize an unstable system. In recent years, many scholars are very interested in synchronization of stochastic networks with time-varying delays [2, 29â€“38]. In 2013, the Jensen integral inequality was improved by the so-called Wirtinger-based integral inequality [33]. Furthermore, Gao et al. [29] showed that a state feedback controller and an adaptive updated law used to guarantee stochastic memristor-based neural networks with noise disturbance can be asymptotically synchronized. In [38], the authors investigated the synchronization of a stochastic multilayer dynamic network with time-varying delays and additive couplings by designing two pinning controllers. Therefore, taking stochastic perturbation into complex neural networks is very necessary and important.

Note that the stochastic systems were mainly fist-order neural networks in pervious works. In this paper, based on the model of [26], considering will produce errors, the new model of the stochastic coupled inertial memristor-based neural networks is constructed. Meanwhile, new results on synchronization in mean square are proposed. The main contributions of this paper are high-lighted as follows:(i)Stochastic perturbation is taken into account in the second-order [39] coupled memristor-based neural networks with inertial term. Synchronization analysis becomes more challenging for the system with higher order and higher dimension.(ii)The criterion for stochastic inertial memristor-based neural networks with linear coupling is proposed by applying the stochastic analysis techniques and the vector Lyapunov function method to realize synchronization in mean square.(iii)An illustrative example is given to illustrate that system (1) can be synchronized under the coupled network with five nodes. Besides, system (1) has strong anti-interference.

#### 2. Model Formulation and Preliminaries

In this paper, we consider the model of stochastic coupled inertial memristor-based neural networks (IMMNs for short) with coupled identical nodes described by the following equation:where , , , and , are the constant positive definite matrices and ; the connection memristive weight matrix and the delayed connection of the current voltage characteristics satisfy the following conditions:where is the switching jump and are all constants, . The network coupling strength is a constant, and is the inner coupling matrix. is the constant coupling configuration matrix representing the topological structure of the system. is defined as a link from node to node , otherwise, . Besides, satisfies

The initial condition associated with system (1) is given as . And, denotes the output of the neuron unit, which satisfies the following assumption:

: for any two different , there exists a positive scalar such that .

For stochastic systems, the It formula plays an important role in the synchronization. Consider a general stochastic system on with an initial value , where and . Denote a general nonnegative function on to be continuously twice differentiable in and once differentiable in , an stochastic differential operator ,

where , , , and .

Considering and are bounded, therefore, , where with and .

By introducing the variable transformation,

System (1) can be transformed intowhere .

Based on interval uncertainty theory, the intervals can be decomposed into , where .

Then, system (5) can be equivalently expressed aswhereand is satisfied:

Let and For simplicity, we use instead of in the following sections. Then, system (6) can be written as

*Definition 1. *The stochastic coupled IMMNs (5) are said to be globally synchronized in the mean square sense if as for any given initial conditions , where .

Lemma 1 (see [1]). *Let be an matrix in the set . Then, the matrix defined by satisfies , where and are given, respectively, byand is the set of matrices with entries in such that the sum of the entries in each row is equal to .*

Lemma 2. *For any positive definite symmetric constant matrix , if there exist the scalars and vector function such that the concerned integrations are well defined, then the following inequality holds:where .*

Lemma 3. *Given any real matrics and with appropriate dimensions, then the following matrix inequality holds:*

Lemma 4 (see [40]). *The LMI , where , and depend on , is equivalent to each of the following conditions:*(i)*(ii)*

#### 3. Main Results

Theorem 1. *Under the assumption , , and , the stochastic coupled IMMNs (1) are globally synchronized in mean square sense if there exist positive definite symmetric matrices , and positive diagonal matrices , such that the following matrix inequalities hold: and , wherewith*

*Proof. *For convenience, we setConsider the following Lyapunovâ€“Krasovskii functional:wherefor simplicity, we use instead of in the paper.

By the It formula, we can calculate along system (9), and then we haveand are calculated along system (9) as follows:wherewherewhere is the derivative of .

By applying Lemma 2, one hasthen whereRecalling (9) and (15), it is easy to see that the following equalities hold:where .

By Lemma 3, we haveThen,whereUsing the property of the It isometry, we haveBased on Lemma 2 and (15), we havewhereUnder assumption and Lemma 3, we obtainSimilarly, we haveNext, it is easy to verify that