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Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Volume 2014, Article ID 895973, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/895973
Case Report

Abdominal Aortocaval Vascular Injury following Routine Lumbar Discectomy

1Department of General Surgery, University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Wythenshawe Hospital, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT, UK
2Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Walsall Manor Hospitals NHS Trust, Walsall, West Midlands WS2 9PS, UK

Received 22 July 2014; Accepted 15 September 2014; Published 7 October 2014

Academic Editor: Neerja Bhardwaj

Copyright © 2014 Matthew Leech et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vascular complications following spinal surgery are potentially fatal; however, fortunately they are rare. This risk is often focused on the close proximity of the surgical field to retroperitoneal structures. Prompt diagnosis is essential; however, bleeding is often occult, and this may therefore delay management of this condition. Despite previous reports many clinicians may not be aware of this potentially fatal complication. The overall morbidity and mortality may be reduced by prompt diagnosis and treatment. Clinicians must, therefore, have a high degree of suspicion in all patients who undergo spinal surgery. We therefore present a case of a 51-year-old man who sustained an aortocaval injury during a revisional lumbar discectomy. The patient developed refractory hypotension, which deteriorated into PEA arrest. Emergency laparotomy was performed which revealed an aortocaval injury. Immediate primary vascular repair was successfully performed. The patient was resuscitated and made a full recovery.