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Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Volume 2016, Article ID 9863492, 6 pages
Case Report

Workup and Management of Persistent Neuralgia following Nerve Block

1Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
2University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA

Received 16 October 2015; Revised 23 December 2015; Accepted 27 December 2015

Academic Editor: Chun-Sung Sung

Copyright © 2016 Paul David Weyker et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Neurological injuries following peripheral nerve blocks are a relatively rare yet potentially devastating complication depending on the type of lesion, affected extremity, and duration of symptoms. Medical management continues to be the treatment modality of choice with multimodal nonopioid analgesics as the cornerstone of this therapy. We report the case of a 28-year-old man who developed a clinical common peroneal and lateral sural cutaneous neuropathy following an uncomplicated popliteal sciatic nerve block. Workup with electrodiagnostic studies and magnetic resonance neurography revealed injury to both the femoral and sciatic nerves. Diagnostic studies and potential mechanisms for nerve injury are discussed.