Table 2: Echocardiographic parameters.

Vegan athlete, off-seasonVegan athlete, active seasonControl group

Aortic rootcm3.73.43.1 ± 0.4
Left atriumcm3.03.02.6 ± 0.3
Left atriumml363029.6 ± 8.6
LVEDDcm5.05.44.64 ± 0.4
IVSDcm1.21.11.2 ± 0.1
PWTDcm1.21.01.2 ± 0.1
LVMMg211.3206.3203.0 ± 35.3
LVMMg/m²105.68103.67103.1 ± 14.5
EDVmL119140100.2 ± 16.7
ESVmL485839 ± 6.1
SVmL728261.2 ± 11.2
EF%605961.0 ± 2.1
SF%323135.5 ± 9.4
MV E/A ratio1.451.561.39 ± 0.20

EDV: end diastolic volume, EF: ejection fraction, ESV: end systolic volume, IVSD: intraventricular septum in diastole, LVEDD: left ventricular end diastolic diameter, LVMM: left ventricular muscle mass, MV E/A ratio: mitral valve E/A ratio, PWTD: posterior wall thickness in diastole, SF: shortening fraction, and SV: stroke volume.