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Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2016, Article ID 7924631, 3 pages
Case Report

A Sizable Aortic Root Paravalvular Mycotic Pseudoaneurysm

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Received 26 May 2016; Accepted 15 September 2016

Academic Editor: Takatoshi Kasai

Copyright © 2016 Ahmad Saeed Azhar and Noran M. Abu-Ouf. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mycotic aneurysm is an established condition first identified in 1885 by Sir William Osler. It is linked to malignant endocarditis. With prevalence of 0.7–2.6% of all cases of aortic aneurysms, it is associated with a significant rate of mortality and morbidity. Physicians should be highly cautious, as diagnosis and effective treatment for this condition are difficult. The following is a case report of a 13-year-old pediatric patient diagnosed with mycotic aneurysm. Before an adequate treatment plan could be developed and implemented, patient’s status worsened swiftly and was ultimately terminal. This case is the sole instance of this condition evidenced in the last ten years in Saudi Arabia.