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Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2019, Article ID 5404365, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5404365
Case Report

A Rare Case of Sudden Death in a Patient with Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Secondary to Cardiac Rupture

1Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA
2Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA
3Internal Medicine Residency Program, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School-Saint Peter’s University Hospital, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
4Montgomery Internal Medicine Residency Program, University of Alabama, Montgomery, Alabama 36116, USA
5Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Tarun Dalia; ude.cmuk@2ailadt

Received 2 February 2019; Revised 18 June 2019; Accepted 4 July 2019; Published 25 July 2019

Academic Editor: Antonio de Padua Mansur

Copyright © 2019 Tarun Dalia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM), also known as broken heart syndrome or stress-induced cardiomyopathy, is a rare condition with an estimated incidence of 0.02% of all hospitalizations in United States and 2% of all acute coronary syndrome presentations. TCM predominately presents as a transient wall motion abnormality of the left ventricular apex due to emotional or physical stress. Cardiac rupture in the setting of TCM is an extremely rare phenomenon with limited published case reports. We present a case of a 75-year-old female who had cardiac rupture secondary to TCM and performed a literature review using Ovid MEDLINE for published cases showing this association. After the literature review, we found 20 cases showing this association, which are listed in a tabular fashion.