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Case Reports in Critical Care
Volume 2011, Article ID 951719, 4 pages
Case Report

Rhabdomyolysis and Acute Kidney Injury due to Severe Heat Stroke

1Critical Care Department, ICU, Instituto Médico La Floresta (IMLF), Caracas 1060, Venezuela
2Critical Care Department, University Hospital of Caracas, Caracas 1050, Venezuela

Received 8 August 2011; Accepted 18 September 2011

Academic Editor: F. Mariano

Copyright © 2011 Máximo H. Trujillo and Carlos Fragachán G.. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We present a case of heat stroke (HS) and acute kidney injury (AKI) due to severe rhabdomyolysis in a 14-year-old previously healthy female patient. When she was practicing strenuous exercise she suffered acute seizures and high fever. These symptoms were followed by coma and multiple organ failure (MOF), which included AKI, encephalopathy, fulminant hepatic failure (FHF), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The patient was managed in the ICU with renal replacement therapy, ventilatory support, and other vital supporting measures. After three weeks of ICU treatment she made a full recovery.