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Case Reports in Critical Care
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 596906, 4 pages
Case Report

Rare Strain of Vibrio cholerae Septicemia in a Patient with Multiple Myeloma

1Broward Health Medical Center, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33316, USA
2Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, Broward Health Medical Center, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33316, USA

Received 23 May 2015; Revised 18 June 2015; Accepted 25 June 2015

Academic Editor: Mehmet Doganay

Copyright © 2015 Deepu Daniel and Sunil Kumar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Non-O1/non-O139 is a rare strain of Vibrio cholera that has been documented to cause significant morbidity and mortality in the immunosuppressed population. Case Presentation. A patient with multiple myeloma develops non-O1/non-O139 Vibrio cholera septicemia, leading to multiorgan failure and ultimately death. Discussion. An exceedingly rare strain of Vibrio cholera, non-O1/non-O139, may be an important factor of morbidity and mortality in certain immunosuppressed populations, such as patients with multiple myeloma and malignancies. Conclusion. Bacteremia involving generally noninvasive microbes, such as non-O1/non-O139 Vibrio cholerae, can have significant deleterious effects in the immunosuppressed patients as shown by this case report. Physicians need to be more diligent when treating these patients.