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Case Reports in Critical Care
Volume 2016, Article ID 4146080, 3 pages
Case Report

Pneumothorax Causing Pneumoperitoneum: Role of Surgical Intervention

1Universidad del Valle de México, Hermosillo, SON, Mexico
2Christus Spohn Hospital, Memorial, Corpus Christi, TX, USA
3Christus Spohn Hospital Residency Program, Corpus Christi, TX, USA
4Critical Care Services, Foundation Surgical Hospital, Houston, TX, USA
5The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA
6Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi, TX 78413, USA

Received 24 June 2016; Accepted 16 August 2016

Academic Editor: Chiara Lazzeri

Copyright © 2016 Fernanda Duarte et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The most common cause of a pneumoperitoneum is a perforation of a hollow viscus and the treatment is an exploratory laparotomy; nevertheless, not all pneumoperitoneums are due to a perforation and not all of them need surgical intervention. We hereby present a case of pneumoperitoneum due to a diaphragmatic defect, which allowed air from a pneumothorax to escape through the diaphragmatic hernia into the abdominal cavity.