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Case Reports in Critical Care
Volume 2016, Article ID 5043818, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5043818
Case Report

Beriberi Induced Cardiomyopathy Requiring Salvage Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

1University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
2Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, IL, USA

Received 16 August 2016; Revised 13 November 2016; Accepted 20 November 2016

Academic Editor: Ricardo Oliveira

Copyright © 2016 Aditya Shah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Beriberi refers to a constellation of symptoms caused primarily by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. An acute and fulminant presentation of this rare condition has been described in the literature as “Shoshin” beriberi which is characterized by catastrophic cardiovascular collapse. Early recognition and treatment lead to dramatic improvements of symptoms. We present a case of thiamine deficiency-induced acute heart failure in a malnourished patient leading to cardiac arrest necessitating VA-ECMO (venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) with improvement in heart function secondary to thiamine administration.