Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Critical Care
Volume 2017, Article ID 5021924, 3 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5021924
Case Report

An Unexpected Case of Black Mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) Bite in Switzerland

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Lucerne Cantonal Hospital, Lucerne, Switzerland

Correspondence should be addressed to Luca Cioccari; moc.liamg@iraccoic.acul

Received 6 April 2017; Revised 16 June 2017; Accepted 2 July 2017; Published 31 July 2017

Academic Editor: Mehmet Doganay

Copyright © 2017 Verena Quarch et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. A. Christensen, “Snakebite and the use of antivenom in southern Africa,” South African medical journal, vol. 59, no. 26, pp. 934–938, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  2. K. Markwalder and M. Koller, “Mamba bites. 2 case reports and observations on the therapy of neurotoxic poisonous snake bites,” Schweizerische Rundschau fur Medizin Praxis, vol. 76, no. 46, pp. 1281–1284, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Schutzbach, S. Vonderhagen, and M. Jäger, “Antivenom therapy after a black mamba snakebite,” Unfallchirurg, vol. 119, no. 12, pp. 1053–1056, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Závada, J. Valenta, O. Kopecký, Z. Stach, and P. Leden, “Black mamba dendroaspis polylepis bite: a case report,” Prague Medical Report, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 298–304, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Stadelmann, M. Ionescu, M. Chilcott, J.-L. Berney, and L. Gétaz, “Exotic snake bites in Switzerland,” Revue Medicale Suisse, vol. 6, no. 248, pp. 969–972, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. Leclerc, B. Debien, J.-P. Perez, M.-P. Petit, and B. Lenoir, “Mamba envenomation in mainland France: management of exotic envenomations needs rethinking,” Annales Francaises d'Anesthesie et de Reanimation, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 323–325, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. H. Laustsen, B. Lomonte, B. Lohse, J. Fernández, and J. M. Gutiérrez, “Unveiling the nature of black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) venom through venomics and antivenom immunoprofiling: identification of key toxin targets for antivenom development,” Journal of Proteomics, vol. 119, pp. 126–142, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. Petras, P. Heiss, R. A. Harrison, R. D. Süssmuth, and J. J. Calvete, “Top-down venomics of the East African green mamba, Dendroaspis angusticeps, and the black mamba, Dendroaspis polylepis, highlight the complexity of their toxin arsenals,” Journal of Proteomics, vol. 146, pp. 148–164, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. U. K. Ranawaka, D. G. Lalloo, H. J. de Silva, and J. White, “Neurotoxicity in snakebite—the limits of our knowledge,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 7, no. 10, Article ID e2302, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. J. R. De Weille, H. Schweitz, P. Maes, A. Tartar, and M. Lazdunski, “Calciseptine, a peptide isolated from black mamba venom, is a specific blocker of the L-type calcium channel,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 2437–2440, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Hilligan, “Black mamba bites: report of 2 cases,” South African Medical Journal, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 220-221, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. M. Strover, “Report on a death from black mamba bite (Dendroaspis polylepis),” Central African Journal of Medicine, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 185-186, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N.-H. Tan, A. Arunmozhiarasi, and G. Ponnudurai, “A comparative study of the biological properties of Dendroaspis (mamba) snake venoms,” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C, Comparative, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 463–466, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Chapman D. S., “The symptomatology, pathology, and treatment of the bites of venomous snakes of central and southern Africa,” in Venomous Animals and their Venoms, pp. 463–527, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1968. View at Google Scholar
  15. S. K. Sutherland, Australian Animal Toxins, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Australia, 1983.
  16. P. S. Hodgson and T. M. Davidson, “Biology and treatment of the mamba snakebite,” Wilderness and Environmental Medicine, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 133–145, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. WHO, Guidelines for the Prevention and Clinical Management of Snakebite in Africa, WHO, 2010, http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/204458.
  18. N. F. Moran, W. J. Newman, R. G. Theakston, D. A. Warrell, and D. Wilkinson, “High incidence of early anaphylactoid reaction to SAIMR polyvalent snake antivenom,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 69-70, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. S. K. Sutherland, “Antivenoms: better late than never,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 2, no. 24, p. 813, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Dwivedi, S. Sheshadri, and C. D'Souza, “Time limit for anti-snake venom administration,” The Lancet, vol. 334, no. 8663, p. 622, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. Malasit, D. A. Warrell, P. Chanthavanich et al., “Prediction, prevention, and mechanism of early (anaphylactic) antivenom reactions in victims of snake bites,” British Medical Journal, vol. 292, no. 6512, pp. 17–20, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. E. Erffmeyer, “Serum sickness,” Annals of Allergy, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 105–110, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Tibballs, “Premedication for snake antivenom,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 160, no. 1, pp. 4–7, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. P. Premawardhena, C. E. De Silva, M. M. D. Fonseka, S. B. Gunatilake, and H. J. De Silva, “Low dose subcutaneous adrenaline to prevent acute adverse reactions to antivenom serum in people bitten by snakes: randomised, placebo controlled trial,” British Medical Journal, vol. 318, no. 7190, pp. 1041–1043, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. W. Fan, L. F. Marcopito, J. L. C. Cardoso et al., “Sequential randomised and double blind trial of promethazine prophylaxis against early anaphylactic reactions to antivenom for bothrops snake bites,” British Medical Journal, vol. 318, no. 7196, pp. 1451–1453, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. I. B. Gawarammana, S. A. Kularatne, W. P. Dissanayake, R. P. V. Kumarasiri, N. Senanayake, and H. Ariyasena, “Parallel infusion of hydrocortisone ± chlorpheniramine bolus injection to prevent acute adverse reactions to antivenom for snakebites: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study,” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 180, no. 1, pp. 20–23, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. B. A. Young, C. E. Lee, and K. M. Daley, “Do snakes meter venom?” BioScience, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 1121–1126, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus