Table 1: Gurd’s criteria to diagnose fat embolism syndrome.

CASE 1CASE 2

MAJOR CRITERIA
Petechial RashYesNo
Respiratory InsufficiencyYesYes
Cerebral InvolvementYesYes
MINOR CRITERIA
TachycardiaYesYes
PyrexiaYesYes
Retinal changes: fat or petechiaeYesNo
JaundiceNoNo
Renal: anuria/oliguria or lipiduriaNoNo
Sudden fall in hemoglobin concentrationYesYes
Sudden ThrombocytopeniaNoNo
High erythrocyte sedimentation RateYesYes
Fat macroglobulinemiaNoN/A