Successful Non-Surgical Root Canal Treatment on Auto-Transplanted Maxillary Premolar with Apical PeriodontitisRead the full article
Case Reports in Dentistry publishes case reports and case series in all areas of dentistry, including periodontal diseases, dental implants, oral pathology, as well as oral and maxillofacial surgery.
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Benefit of Panoramic Radiography in the Detection of Carotid Calcifications: Clinical Case Reports and Review of the Literature
Atherosclerotic lesions in the common carotid artery are one of the most frequent causes of ischemic stroke. They are usually diagnosed by cardiologists and are managed following complementary examinations. In dental practice, panoramic radiograph is a basic examination frequently performed in first line. On this radiography, possible unilateral or bilateral opacities projecting to the latero-cervical regions can be visualized, raising suspicion of carotid calcifications. The aim of this study was to present, through three cases and a review of the literature, the benefit of PR in the diagnosis of carotid calcifications and the approaches to be followed in case of such suspicious images. This would contribute, in some cases, to an early diagnosis and management, thus avoiding the evolution towards cerebral vascular accidents.
Application of Platelet-Rich Fibrin and Bone Morphogenetic Protein for Full-Mouth Implant-Based Oral Rehabilitation in a Case of Mandibular Osteoradionecrosis
Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is a debilitating complication following radiation therapy, which in the head and neck region, occurs most frequently in the mandible. Although ORN is rare, it is complex and multifactorial and requires appropriate management. Manipulation of bone in patients with head and neck cancers before radiotherapy can cause ORN. In this report, we aim to present successful insertion of four dental implants in the interforaminal segment combined with application of platelet-rich fibrin and bone morphogenetic protein in a 60-year-old male with stable ORN in the posterior regions of the mandible.
A Case of Primary Intraosseous Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Mandible
Primary intraosseous adenoid cystic carcinoma (PIACC) of the jaw is rare. To our knowledge, only 51 cases have been reported in the English literature. We present a rare case of PIACC arising in the mandible with multiple bone metastases and review the previous articles. A 70-year-old woman presented with paresthesia of the right chin and lower gingiva for 4 months. Radiography revealed an irregular radiolucent region on the right side of the ramus, infiltrating to the mandibular canal. Biopsy revealed a pathological diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma. Multiple bone metastases were present in the sternum, scapula, and thighs. The treatment effect was progressive disease for chemotherapy; therefore, best supportive care was provided for 3 years.
Application of a Titanium Screw for the Hemorrhage from the Bone Channel during the Lateral Window Technique: A Technical Note
Pulsatile and profuse hemorrhage occurred in the lateral window technique for implant placement. The surgery was performed in the dental clinic under local anesthesia. The posterior superior alveolar artery was suspected to be the main feeder. Ordinary methods for hemostasis, such as vasoconstrictor-soaked gauze compression, electrocautery hemostasis, absorbable hemostat packing, and bone wax application, were tried. However, strong pulsatile bleeding could not be controlled at all. Complete hemostasis was hardly expected. The idea came up when the titanium screws came into sight. The sterilized screw was always stocked for bone grafting. After visualizing the bleeding point clearly by suction, and the screw was inserted into the bone channel. The bleeding was completely stopped immediately. It may not be a novel method, but is certainly a reliable application of the screw, which is fundamentally the same as arterial catheter embolization.
A Large Dentigerous Cyst in a Child as a Complication of Deciduous Molar Endodontic Treatment: An Interesting Case Report with Short Literature Review
This study presents a case report of an inflammatory dentigerous cyst of tooth #35, associated with its previously endodontically treated deciduous predecessor. Cystic lesion growth caused impaction of the second premolar, displacing it closer to the lower border of the mandible. The lesion represents a typical dentigerous cyst that possibly arises in association with periapical inflammation of a deciduous molar involving the follicle of the premolars. This report highlights the inflammatory etiology of dentigerous cysts, which mainly occur in mixed dentition. A 12-year-old patient was referred to Oral Surgery Department regarding a sizeable radiolucent lesion in the unerupted mandibular second premolar region, detected on an Orthopantomagram (OPG) X-ray. A non-vital primary predecessor had been endodontically treated at least one year before an examination, with a control OPG X-ray showing no signs of pathology at the time. The patient did not report any symptoms. Clinical examination revealed an egg-like tumefaction of the alveolar bone in the left premolar region of the mandible. Cone-beam computed tomography analysis showed a sizeable translucent lesion surrounding the crown of the impacted tooth. The lesion was enucleated in its entirety, along with the impacted premolar, under local anesthesia. Clinical findings combined with radiographic and microscopic examinations confirmed the diagnosis of an inflammatory dentigerous cyst. The seventeen month follow-up revealed good bone healing. This case presented a rare complication of endodontic treatment of deciduous teeth and informed on possible complications of endodontic therapy in deciduous teeth, emphasizing the importance of early diagnosis of cysts in preventing extraction of permanent teeth.
Avulsion of Permanent Mandibular Incisors: A Report of Two Cases with Pertinent Literature
Introduction. This study reports two rare cases of avulsion of permanent mandibular incisors with their sequelae after being reimplanted by two contrary methods. The relevant literature regarding the avulsion of permanent mandibular incisors is also being discussed. Case Presentation. In Case I, a 9-year-old girl reported an avulsion of the permanent mandibular left lateral incisor that was immediately reimplanted within 20 minutes after injury, whereas in Case II, all four permanent mandibular incisors were avulsed and reimplanted after a prolonged extraoral dry time of 36 hours in an 18-year-old female. Both cases missed their scheduled follow-up visits and were reported after 3.5 years and 7 months, respectively, with severe root and alveolar bone resorption that was confirmed by clinical examination and Intra oral periapical radiograph (IOPA) radiographs. Discussion. Avulsion of permanent mandibular incisors is rare. The similar unfavorable outcome of contrary cases at a variable duration of time after missed follow-up illustrates the role of the appropriate treatment protocol and regular follow-up visits for the long-term success of reimplanted teeth.