Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2012, Article ID 103125, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/103125
Case Report

Independent and Confluent Middle Mesial Root Canals in Mandibular First Molars: A Report of Four Cases

1Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Chettinad dental college, Chettinad Health City & Research Institute, Old Mahabalipuram Road, Kelambakkam 603103, Chennai, India
2Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Ragas Dental College & Hospital, Uthandi 600119, Chennai, India

Received 11 March 2012; Accepted 15 May 2012

Academic Editors: J. H. Campbell, I. El-Hakim, and E. F. Wright

Copyright © 2012 Mohanavelu Deepalakshmi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. S. Reeh, “Seven canals in a lower first molar,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 497–499, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. J. Vertucci, “Root canal anatomy of the human permanent teeth,” Oral Surgery Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 589–599, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. F. Vertucci, E. J. Haddix, and R. L. Britto, “Tooth morphology and access cavity preparation,” in Pathways of Pulp, S. Cohen and M. K. Hargreaves, Eds., pp. 203–204, Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, Mo, USA, 9th edition, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. H. Pomeranz, D. L. Eidelman, and M. G. Goldberg, “Treatment considerations of the middle mesial canal of mandibular first and second molars,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 565–568, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Fabra-Campos, “Three canals in the mesial root of mandibular first permanent molars: a clinical study,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 39–43, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Wasti, A. C. Shearer, and N. H. F. Wilson, “Root canal systems of the mandibular and maxillary first permanent molar teeth of South Asian Pakistanis,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 263–266, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. K. Çalişkan, Y. Pehlivan, F. Sepetçioǧlu, M. Türkün, and S. Ş. Tuncer, “Root canal morphology of human permanent teeth in a Turkish population,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 200–204, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. Gulabivala, T. H. Aung, A. Alavi, and Y. L. Ng, “Root and canal morphology of Burmese mandibular molars,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 359–370, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. K. Goel, K. S. Gill, and J. R. Taneja, “Study of root canals configuration in mandibular first permanent molar,” Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 12–14, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Martínez-Berná and P. Badanelli, “Mandibular first molars with six root canals,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 348–352, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. F. Navarro, A. Luzi, A. A. García, and A. H. García, “Third canal in the mesial root of permanent mandibular first molars: review of the literature and presentation of 3 clinical reports and 2 in vitro studies,” Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. E605–E609, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. S. Weine, “Case report: three canals in the mesial root of a mandibular first molar,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 517–520, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. G. Beatty and K. Krell, “Mandibular molars with five canals: report of two cases,” The Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 114, no. 6, pp. 802–804, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. Ricucci, “Three independent canals in the mesial root of a mandibular first molar,” Endodontics and Dental Traumatology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 47–49, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. E. DeGrood and C. J. Cunningham, “Mandibular molar with 5 canals: report of a case,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 60–62, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Baugh and J. Wallace, “Middle mesial canal of the mandibular first molar: a case report and literature review,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 185–186, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Holtzmann, “Root canal treatment of a mandibular first molar with three mesial root canals,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 422–423, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. J. Vertucci, “Root canal morphology and its relationship to endodontic procedures,” Endodontic Topics, vol. 10, pp. 3–29, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  19. S. Howard, “Selden the dental-operating microscope and its slow acceptance,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 28, pp. 206–207, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  20. T. Yoshioka, C. Kobayashi, and H. Suda, “Detection rate of root canal orifices with a microscope,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 452–453, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. R. D. Peiris, T. N. Pitakotuwage, M. Takahashi, K. Sasaki, and E. Kanazawa, “Root canal morphology of mandibular permanent molars at different ages,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 828–835, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. C. Burns and E. J. Herbranson, “Tooth morphology and access cavity preparation,” in Pathways of the Pulp, S. Cohen and R. C. Burns, Eds., pp. 173–229, St. Louis, Mo, USA, Elsevier Mosby, 8th edition, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  23. H. Fabra-Campos, “Unusual root anatomy of mandibular first molars,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 568–572, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. A. Shanelec, “Optical principles of loupes,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 61, pp. 851–856, 1995. View at Google Scholar