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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 410515, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/410515
Case Report

Porous Titanium Granules and Blood for Bone Regeneration around Dental Implants: Report of Four Cases and Review of the Literature

Department of Plastic & Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden

Received 14 January 2013; Accepted 11 February 2013

Academic Editors: M. A. Chinelatti and S. Nammour

Copyright © 2013 Andreas Thor. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A regenerative procedure treating a local osseous defect around titanium dental implant using porous titanium granules is described in four patients. Porous titanium granules represent, for maxillofacial surgery, a new alternative in augmenting osseous defects. Its earliest application was in the field of orthopedics for stabilization of tibia plateau fractures and for reoperations in prosthetic fixation of femoral stems. There is emerging scientific evidence regarding titanium for its potential use in the maxillofacial area and porous titanium granules are now commercially available. The scientific background for the osteoconductive use of porous titanium granules is elucidated in this paper and the supporting literature is reviewed.