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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 432864, 4 pages
Case Report

The Autosomal Recessive Inheritance of Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis

1Department of Biotechnology, Centre for Genetic Studies, School of Biotechnology and Biological Sciences, West Bengal University of Technology, BF-142, Sector I, Salt Lake City, Kolkata, West Bengal 700064, India
2Department of Periodontics & Oral Implantology, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College & Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal 700014, India
3Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata, West Bengal 700019, India

Received 23 October 2013; Accepted 19 November 2013

Academic Editors: R. S. Brown, J. A. Jayatilake, and G. Spagnuolo

Copyright © 2013 Poulami Majumder et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a rare condition which is marked by enlargement of gingival tissue that covers teeth to various extents leading to aesthetic disfigurement. This study presents a case of a 28-year-old female patient and 18-year-old male who belong to the same family suffering from HGF with chief complaint of overgrowing swelling gingiva. The presence of enlarged gingiva with the same eruption was found in their other family members with no concomitant drug or medical history, and the occurrence of HGF has been found in one generation of this family which may indicate the autosomal recessive inheritance pattern of HGF. Hereditary gingival fibromatosis is an idiopathic condition as its etiology is unknown and it was found to recur in some cases even after surgical treatment. Both patients underwent thorough oral prophylaxis and later surgical therapy to correct the deformity.