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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 697671, 7 pages
Case Report

Transmigration of Mandibular Canines

1Department of Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Radiology, Al-Badar Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
2Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Al-Badar Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
3Department of Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Radiology, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Karnataka, India

Received 9 February 2013; Accepted 7 March 2013

Academic Editors: R. Crespi and Y. Nakagawa

Copyright © 2013 N. Umashree et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this paper is to present the first case of unusual reverse oblique (110 degrees to midsagittal plane) migration of mandibular right canine crossing the jaw midline and piercing the lower border of the mandible at the level of the opposite canine and also to report two more cases of transmigrated mandibular canine and one case of transmigrating mandibular canine. Mandibular canines are “cornerstone” of dental arch; their importance is manifested by their efficiency in masticatory function, stability of dental arch, and aid in maintaining natural facial expression. Early detection of this anomaly can help preserving these canines by orthodontic intervention or by surgical transplantation. This developmental anomaly is properly diagnosed by radiographic evaluation, which is primarily based on the panoramic radiograph. In patients with overretained deciduous canines or missing permanent canines, an intraoral radiograph should be supplemented with panoramic radiograph. This paper discusses the importance of early diagnosis of canine transmigration in treatment planning and reviews the various possible treatment options.