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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 707343, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/707343
Case Report

Clinical and Radiological Findings of Autosomal Dominant Osteopetrosis Type II: A Case Report

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manav Rachna Dental College, Sector 43, Aravalli Hills, Delhi-Surajkund Road, Faridabad, Haryana 121001, India
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra 442001, India

Received 22 June 2013; Accepted 27 August 2013

Academic Editors: D. W. Boston, R. S. Brown, M. B. D. Gaviao, M. A. d. A. M. Machado, and S. R. Watt-Smith

Copyright © 2013 Priyanka Kant et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Osteopetrosis is a rare inherited genetic disease characterized by sclerosis of the skeleton caused by the absence or malfunction of osteoclasts. Three distinct forms of the disease have been recognized, autosomal dominant osteopetrosis being the most common. Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis exhibits a heterogeneous trait with milder symptoms, often at later childhood or adulthood. The aim of this case report is to present the clinical and radiographic features of a 35-year-old female patient with autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type II who exhibited features of chronic generalised periodontitis, and the radiographs revealed generalised osteosclerosis and hallmark radiographic features of ADO type II, that is, “bone-within-bone appearance” and “Erlenmeyer-flask deformity.”