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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 465919, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/465919
Case Report

Fulminant Mucormycosis Involving Paranasal Sinuses: A Rare Case Report

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Room No. 1, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Road No. 5, Kamalanagar, Dilsukhnagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 500060, India
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 500060, India

Received 19 October 2013; Accepted 16 December 2013; Published 9 January 2014

Academic Editors: P. G. Arduino, R. Crespi, K. Nakamori, and G. Spagnuolo

Copyright © 2014 Komali Garlapati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fulminant fungal infection, which has the ability to cause significant morbidity and frequently mortality in the susceptible patient. Common predisposing factors include diabetes mellitus and immunosuppression. The infection begins in the nose and paranasal sinuses due to inhalation of fungal spores. The fungus invades the arteries leading to thrombosis that subsequently causes necrosis of the tissue. The infection can spread to orbital and intracranial structures either by direct invasion or through the blood vessels. Here we describe a case of mucormycosis of maxillary antrum extending to ethmoidal and frontal sinus and also causing necrosis of left maxilla in an uncontrolled diabetic individual to emphasize early diagnosis and treatment of this fatal fungal infection.