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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 624306, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/624306
Case Report

Primary Malignant Melanoma of Maxilla: Report of a Case with Discussion

1Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Meghna Institute of Dental Sciences, Varni Road, Mallaram, Nizamabad 503003, India
2Sri Padmavathi Hospital, Medak, Narayankhed 502286, India
3Government Dental College & Hospital, Gunadala, Vijayawada 520008, India
4Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Githam Dental College, Gandhinagar Campus, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam 530045, India
5Department of Oral Pathology, AECS Maaruti Dental College, Kammanahalli, Bangalore 560076, India

Received 8 July 2014; Revised 13 October 2014; Accepted 21 October 2014; Published 17 November 2014

Academic Editor: Luis Junquera

Copyright © 2014 G. Shirisha Rani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Primary oral malignant melanoma, very rare neoplasm of melanocytic origin, usually presents as a bluish black to tan-brown colored lesion Which is accounting for 0.2 to 8% of all melanomas, 1.6% of all head and neck malignancies, and 0.5% of all oral neoplasia. In general, the prognosis of oral melanoma is poor and worse than that of cutaneous melanoma. Here a case of oral malignant melanoma is presented, which was undetected during the first visit to a dental clinic. When a simple oral surgical treatment was carried out in that region, it resulted in the appearance of a massive pigmented lesion which was histopathologically diagnosed as malignant melanoma. This paper is presented to reemphasize the fact that any pigmented lesion in the oral cavity should be viewed with suspicion and proper investigation (biopsy) should be carried out to rule out any untoward experiences later.