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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 871460, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/871460
Case Report

Van der Woude Syndrome with Short Review of the Literature

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, H.K.E.S.’s S. N. Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga, Karnataka 585103, India
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, M. R. Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka 585103, India
3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, H.K.E.S.’s S. N. Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga, Karnataka 585103, India
4Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, H.K.E.S.’s S. N. Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga, Karnataka 585103, India
5Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, H.K.E.S.’s S. N. Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga, Karnataka 585103, India

Received 11 February 2014; Revised 29 April 2014; Accepted 26 May 2014; Published 22 June 2014

Academic Editor: Indraneel Bhattacharyya

Copyright © 2014 Pallavi K. Deshmukh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is a rare autosomal dominant condition with high penetrance and variable expression. Clinical manifestation of this autosomal dominant clefting syndrome includes bilateral midline lower lip pits, cleft lip, and cleft palate along with hypodontia. These congenital lip pits appear as a malformation in the vermilion border of the lip, with or without excretion. Discomfort caused by spontaneous or induced drainage of saliva/mucus when pressure is applied or during a meal as well as poor aesthetic match is one of the main complaints of patients with congenital lip fistula. The pits are treated by surgical resection. Dentists should be aware of the congenital lip pits as in Van der Woude syndrome because they have been reported to be associated with a variety of malformations or other congenital disorders. Here, the authors report a rare case of Van der Woude syndrome with short review of the literature.