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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 874025, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/874025
Case Report

Gingival Vitiligo: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

1Department of Periodontics, Al Farabi College of Dentistry, Riyadh 11691, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Oral Pathology, Kannur Dental College, Kannur 670612, India
3Department of Endodontics, Amrita Institute of Dental Sciences, Cochin 682041, India
4Department of Endodontics, Al Farabi College of Dentistry, Riyadh 11691, Saudi Arabia
5Department of Orthodontics, Amrita Institute of Dental Sciences, Cochin 682041, India
6Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Al Farabi College of Dentistry, Riyadh 11691, Saudi Arabia
7Al Farabi College of Dentistry, Riyadh 11691, Saudi Arabia

Received 25 January 2014; Accepted 21 May 2014; Published 11 June 2014

Academic Editor: Noam Yarom

Copyright © 2014 Nipun Ashok et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rarely cases have been reported regarding depigmented lesions of the oral cavity. On reviewing the literature, only few cases of gingival vitiligo or similar lesions have been reported till date. These lesions pose a cosmetic challenge. We present here a case of vitiligo affecting gingiva. Vitiligo has been defined as an acquired, slowly progressive loss of cutaneous pigment which occurs as irregular, sharply defined patches which may or may not be surrounded by macroscopic hyperpigmentation. Differential diagnosis, detailed clinical history, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and pathogenesis of this condition are discussed.