Endoscopic Removal of a Supernumerary Premolar in the Mandible during a Dental Implant Placement
Removal by milling the coronal portion of the supernumerary tooth ankylosed to the vestibular cortex. Note the mesial and buccal relationship to the implant placed according to plan surgery. Black arrow shows the visualization of the supernumerary tooth crown near the buccal cortex after superficial osteotomy (a). Immersion endoscope (IE) visualization during the drilling of the radicular portion of the supernumerary tooth, observed with a yellowish color and apparently had two fused roots in an anterior portion (b).