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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 243894, 4 pages
Case Report

Myofibroma of the Gingiva: A Rare Case Report and Literature Review

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad 501101, India

Received 3 February 2015; Accepted 18 March 2015

Academic Editor: Pia Lopez Jornet

Copyright © 2015 Vaishali Narayen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Myofibromas are benign uncommon fibroblastic tumors of the soft tissue, bone, or internal organs affecting all ages. These lesions histopathologically may mimic many other soft tissue tumors of the oral cavity such as spindle cell tumors of neurogenic and smooth muscle cell origin, thus leading to misdiagnosis and mistreatment. This case report describes a rare benign tumor, which presented as a soft tissue swelling on posterior gingiva. Surgical excision of the lesion was carried out under local anaesthesia. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical examination confirmed the diagnosis of myofibroma. Myofibroma should be included in the clinical differential diagnosis of masses of the oral soft tissues; however immunohistochemical examination is essential to establish an accurate diagnosis.