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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 506459, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/506459
Case Report

Dental Considerations in Children with Glucose-6-phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Favism): A Review of the Literature and Case Report

Pediatric Dentistry Postgraduate Program, Faculty of Dentistry, San Luis Potosi University, 2 Dr. Manuel Nava, Zona Universitaria, 78290 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico

Received 30 May 2015; Accepted 31 August 2015

Academic Editor: Luis Junquera

Copyright © 2015 Daniela Hernández-Pérez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an uncommon inherited enzyme deficiency characterized by hemolytic anemia, caused by the inability of erythrocytes to detoxify oxidizing agents such as drugs, infectious diseases, or fava bean ingestion. In this later case, the disorder is known as favism. The aim of the present report was to present a review of the literature in this disease, to describe a case report concerning an affected 9-year-old male, and to review the main implications and precautions in pediatric dental management.