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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 538538, 6 pages
Case Report

Severe Gingival Enlargement with Coexisting Erosive Lichen Planus in Severe Chronic Periodontitis Patient

1Department of Periodontology, Centre for Dental Education & Research, AIIMS, New Delhi 110029, India
2Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Centre for Dental Education & Research, AIIMS, New Delhi 110029, India
3Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Centre for Dental Education & Research, AIIMS, New Delhi 110029, India

Received 1 October 2014; Revised 10 December 2014; Accepted 23 February 2015

Academic Editor: Tommaso Lombardi

Copyright © 2015 Ambika Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Plaque induced gingival enlargement is most commonly seen and when encountered simultaneously with erosive lichen planus poses a challenge to the treating dentist. Prognosis of one condition may influence the prognosis of another condition. The presented case highlights the significance of proper diagnosis and the management of simultaneously occurring gingival lesions. A 49-year-old hypertensive female presented with painful enlarged bleeding and suppurating gums with burning sensation on eating food along with long-term usage of antihypertensive drug amlodipine known for its gingival enlargement effect. All these multiple factors led to diagnostic dilemma. Effective management of the gingival enlargement was done by using electrocautery to rehabilitate the functions and esthetics of the patient. Gingival condition was also complicated by the presence of coexisting lichen planus which was predominantly erosive for which topical corticosteroid, antifungal, and antimicrobial agents were prescribed. Eight-month follow-up did not show recurrence of gingival enlargement. Electrocautery is an effective tool for the gingivectomy in severe inflammatory type of gingival enlargement because of rapid postoperative hemostasis. For the management of erosive lichen planus, long-term use of topical corticosteroids is an effective approach. Maintenance of oral hygiene and regular follow-ups are essential for these conditions.