Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 817989, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/817989
Case Report

Pycnodysostosis with Special Emphasis on Dentofacial Characteristics

Section of Dentistry, Department of Surgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan

Received 24 August 2015; Revised 24 October 2015; Accepted 2 November 2015

Academic Editor: Miguel de Araújo Nobre

Copyright © 2015 Aisha Khoja et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Motyckova and D. E. Fisher, “Pycnodysostosis: role and regulation of cathepsin K in osteoclast function and human disease,” Current Molecular Medicine, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 407–421, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Xue, T. Cai, S. Shi et al., “Clinical and animal research findings in pycnodysostosis and gene mutations of cathepsin K from 1996 to 2011,” Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, vol. 6, article 20, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. N. Alves and M. Cantín, “Clinical and radiographic maxillofacial features of pycnodysostosis,” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 492–496, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. C. O'Connell, M. T. Brennan, and C. A. Francomano, “Pycnodysostosis: orofacial manifestations in two pediatric patients,” Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 204–207, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Maroteaux and M. Lamy, “Pycnodysostosis,” La Presse Médicale, vol. 70, pp. 999–1002, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  6. H. Kamak, G. Kamak, and I. Yavuz, “Clinical, radiographic, diagnostic and cephalometric features of pycnodysostosis in comparison with Turkish cephalometric norms: a case report,” European Journal of Dentistry, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 454–459, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. E. Raposo-Amaral, A. Tong, R. Denadai et al., “A subcranial le fort III advancement with distraction osteogenesis as a clinical strategy to approach pycnodysostosis with midface retrusion and exorbitism,” Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1327–1330, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Jacobson and R. L. Jaconson, Radiographic Cephalometry from Basic to 3-D Imaging, Quintessence Publishing, Hanover Park, Ill, USA, 2nd edition, 2006.
  9. T. Baccetti, L. Franchi, and J. A. McNamara Jr., “The Cervical Vertebral Maturation (CVM) method for the assessment of optimal treatment timing in dentofacial orthopedics,” Seminars in Orthodontics, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 119–129, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. S. Abu Allhaija and S. N. Al-Khateebb, “Uvulo-glosso-pharyngeal dimensions in different anteroposterior skeletal patterns,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 1012–1018, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. J. Bathi and V. N. Masur, “Pyknodysostosis—a report of two cases with a brief review of the literature,” International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 439–442, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Hernández-Alfaro, J. A. Búa, M. S. Serrat, and J. M. Bueno, “Orthognathic surgery in pycnodysostosis: a case report,” International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 110–113, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Sutton, Textbook of Radiology and Imaging, Churchill Livingstone, Kidlington, UK, 7th edition, 2003.
  14. Z. Emami-Ahari, M. Zarabi, and B. Javid, “Pycnodysostosis,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery—British Volume, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 307–312, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Forland, “Cleidocranial dysostosis. A review of the syndrome and report of a sporadic case, with hereditary transmission,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 792–799, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Landa, S. Esteban, E. Montes, J. Santamaria, A. Vitoria, and J. M. Santolaya, “Maxillofacial alterations in a family with pycnodysostosis,” Medicina Oral, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 169–176, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. Kneal and L. R. Sante, “Osteopetrosis (marble bones),” American Journal of Diseases of Children, vol. 81, pp. 693–707, 1951. View at Google Scholar
  18. Q. Mujawar, R. Naganoor, H. Patil, A. N. Thobbi, S. Ukkali, and N. Malagi, “Pycnodysostosis with unusual findings: a case report,” Cases Journal, vol. 2, no. 7, article 6544, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. K. Lam, G. K. B. Sándor, H. I. Holmes, R. P. Carmichael, and C. M. L. Clokie, “Marble bone disease: a review of osteopetrosis and its oral health implications for dentists,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 73, no. 9, pp. 839–844, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. P. Schmitz, C. J. Gassmann, A. M. Bauer, and B. R. Smith, “Mandibular reconstruction in a patient with pyknodysostosis,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 513–517, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Muto, H. Michiya, H. Taira, H. Murase, and M. Kanazawa, “Pycnodysostosis. Report of a case and review of the Japanese literature, with emphasis on oral and maxillofacial findings,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 449–455, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. O. Iwu, “Bilateral osteomyelitis of the mandible in pycnodysostosis. A case report,” International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 71–72, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. A. Pereira, L. B. Aytés, and C. G. Escoda, “Pycnodysostosis. A report of 3 clinical cases,” Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. E633–E635, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. V. Ortegosa, D. R. Bertola, M. Aguena, M. R. Passos-Bueno, C. A. Kim, and M. E. J. De Faria, “Challenges in the orthodontic treatment of a patient with pycnodysostosis,” Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 735–739, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. IIankovan and K. F. Moos, “Pyknodysostosis: case report with surgical correction of the facial deformity,” British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 39–42, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. P. Bradley, “Craniofacial distraction osteogenesis,” in Craniofacial Surgery, S. R. Thaller, J. P. Bradley, and J. I. Garri, Eds., pp. 219–237, Informa Healthcare, New York, NY, USA, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  27. A. Varol, F. A. Sabuncuoglu, M. Sencimen, T. Akcam, H. Olmez, and S. Basa, “Rigid external maxillary distraction and rhinoplasty for pyknodysostosis,” Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 901–904, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. E. Nørholt, J. Bjerregaard, and L. Mosekilde, “Maxillary distraction osteogenesis in a patient with pycnodysostosis: a case report,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 62, no. 8, pp. 1037–1040, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus