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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 2654645, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2654645
Case Report

Sinus Augmentation by Platelet-Rich Fibrin Alone: A Report of Two Cases with Histological Examinations

1Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan
2Hakata Dental Clinic, Fukuoka 812-0011, Japan

Received 20 April 2016; Revised 25 July 2016; Accepted 26 July 2016

Academic Editor: Anastasios Markopoulos

Copyright © 2016 Naofumi Aoki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In sinus floor augmentation of an atrophic posterior maxilla, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has been used as a graft material. We herein report two cases with histological evaluations of PRF after the surgery. The first case was a 28-year-old female with an atrophic right posterior maxilla who was treated with sinus floor augmentation and simultaneous implant placement using PRF as the sole graft material in our hospital. Twenty-four months after surgery, the implant was unfortunately removed because of occlusal overloading by parafunctional habits. During implant replacement, a tissue sample was obtained from the site of augmentation with PRF and was evaluated histologically. The second case was a 58-year-old man with severe alveolar atrophy of the right maxilla who underwent lateral sinus augmentation using only PRF in a two-stage procedure in our hospital. Samples were obtained at the second-stage surgery and histological examinations were performed. As a result, new bone formation was confirmed histologically in both cases. Our findings show that the use of PRF as a graft material during sinus floor augmentation induces natural bone regeneration.