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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 5260645, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5260645
Case Report

Congenital Hemifacial Hyperplasia: Clinical Presentation and Literature Review

1Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
2Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science & Technology (AIMST) University, Kedah, Malaysia
3Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Asian Institute of Medicine, Science & Technology (AIMST) University, Kedah, Malaysia
4Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Chettinad Dental College & Research Institute, Kancheepuram, India
5Chettinad Dental College & Research Institute, Kancheepuram, India

Received 26 July 2016; Accepted 15 September 2016

Academic Editor: Daniel Torrés-Lagares

Copyright © 2016 Karpagavalli Shanmugasundaram et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hemifacial hyperplasia is a rare congenital malformation characterized by noticeable unilateral excess development of hard and soft tissues of the face. Asymmetry in Congenital Hemifacial Hyperplasia (CHH) is usually evident at birth and accentuated at the age of puberty. The affected side grows exponentially as compared to the unaffected side. Multiple tissue involvement has resulted due to etiological heterogeneity like heredity, chromosomal abnormalities, altered intrauterine environment, and endocrine dysfunctions. As this lesion is rarely seen in our routine clinical practice, we present a case of hemifacial hyperplasia with reported orofacial features that supplement existing clinical knowledge. This paper also adds knowledge to the readers regarding detailed investigation procedures which has complemented our diagnosis. Further emphasis has been placed on periodic approach to its diagnosis and multidisciplinary management following correct diagnosis.