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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8562050, 5 pages
Case Report

Biofilm Analysis of Retrieved Dental Implants after Different Peri-Implantitis Treatments

1School of Dentistry, Center for Research on Dental Implants, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
2School of Dentistry, UniSul University, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Juan F. D. Montero; moc.liamtoh@mudfj

Received 12 October 2016; Accepted 7 February 2017; Published 9 April 2017

Academic Editor: Gavriel Chaushu

Copyright © 2017 Thaise C. Geremias et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of the current study was to analyse the planktonic growth of Streptococcus mutans on the surfaces of three implants retrieved after three different peri-implantitis treatments. Three implants from a male patient with high levels of bone loss were treated by mechanical debridement, chemical decontamination, and implantoplasty. After 4 months of follow-up, the implants were removed. The growth and biofilm formation were measured by spectrophotometry () and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), after 48 hours of incubation. Results showed an average of Streptococcus mutans planktonic growth over the implants of 0.21 nm (mechanical debridement), 0.16 nm (chemical decontamination), and 0.15 nm (implantoplasty). Data were analysed by ANOVA and Tukey’s test ( for chemical decontamination and implantoplasty). Implantoplasty and chemical decontamination showed the lowest levels of planktonic growth, indicating a possible influence of the modification procedures on the titanium surface on the initial biofilm attachment.