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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9525893, 5 pages
Case Report

Osteomyelitis of the Mandible after Dental Implants in an Immunocompetent Patient

1Department of Oral Surgery, Charles Foix Hospital, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France
2Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Charles Foix Hospital, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France
3Department of Maxillofacial and Stomatology Surgery, Beaujon Hospital, Paris, France
4Radiology, Private Practice, Paris, France
5Department of Oral Surgery, Bretonneau Hospital, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France
6Department of Oral Surgery, Montpellier Hospital, INSERM UMR1149 Xavier Bichat University, Paris, France

Correspondence should be addressed to Matthieu Balanger

Received 24 January 2017; Accepted 21 March 2017; Published 2 April 2017

Academic Editor: Jamil A. Shibli

Copyright © 2017 Matthieu Balanger et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Dental implants are now broadly used to replace missing teeth, and the presence of infectious complications is rising. Dental implant therapy as a local risk factor for the onset of osteomyelitis and its management have not been widely explored. Here, we report an unusual case of mandibular suppurative osteomyelitis caused by Streptococcus intermedius in a healthy and immunocompetent patient secondary to mandibular implants. We describe how surgery combined with systemic application of antibiotics allowed conservation of the dental implants in the mandibular bone, discuss the probable source of contamination, and present the follow-up of the osteomyelitis.