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Case Reports in Endocrinology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7974182, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7974182
Case Report

Moyamoya Disease with Coexistent Hypertriglyceridemia in Pediatric Patient

Department of Pediatric, Children’s Hospital of the University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA

Received 30 June 2016; Revised 15 September 2016; Accepted 26 September 2016

Academic Editor: Osamu Isozaki

Copyright © 2016 Jacqueline Chan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Moyamoya disease is a rare chronic and progressive cerebrovascular disease of the arteries of the circle of Willis that can affect children and adults. It has been associated with multiple diseases, including immunologic, like Graves’ disease, diabetes mellitus, and SLE. Hyperlipidemia has been recognized in patients with Moyamoya disease with an incidence of 27–37%. However, no case in pediatric patients has been reported of the coexistence of Moyamoya disease and hyperlipidemia. Here we present a case of a 9-year-old female diagnosed with Moyamoya disease after a stroke with incidental finding of familial hypercholesterolemia. This finding will make our patient a very unique case, since there has not been any reporting of Moyamoya disease and hypercholesterolemia association.