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Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 953612, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/953612
Case Report

Weakness and the Inability to Ambulate in a 14-Month-Old Female: A Case Report and Concise Review of Guillain-Barre Syndrome

1Department of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
3Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Cohen Children’s Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY 11040, USA

Received 13 December 2012; Accepted 10 January 2013

Academic Editors: W. D. Grant, C.-C. Lai, and W. Mauritz

Copyright © 2013 Scott A. Bloch et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acquired disease of the peripheral nervous system which causes demyelination and leads to weakness, ataxia, and areflexia. There are a variety of forms of the syndrome, and although it is found in all age groups, it is rare in children less than two years of age. The present complaint of weakness, ataxia, or lower extremity pain in the pediatric population should cause the practitioner to consider GBS in the differential. We describe a case of a 14-month-old girl presenting with weakness and the inability to ambulate who was diagnosed with GBS. The purpose of this paper is to review the emergency medicine diagnosis and management of Guillain-Barre syndrome in children.