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Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 735820, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/735820
Case Report

Exercise Induced Rhabdomyolysis with Compartment Syndrome and Renal Failure

Summa Akron City Hospital, 525 East Market Street, P.O. Box 2090, Akron, OH 44304-1619, USA

Received 27 February 2014; Revised 27 May 2014; Accepted 11 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Rungroj Krittayaphong

Copyright © 2014 Mary Colleen Bhalla and Ryan Dick-Perez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Exertional rhabdomyolysis is sequela that is occasionally seen after strenuous exercise. The progression to compartment syndrome or renal failure is a rare complication that requires prompt recognition and treatment to prevent morbidity (Giannoglou et al. 2007). We present a case of a 22-year-old college football player who presented to the emergency department (ED) after a typical leg workout as part of his weight conditioning. He was found to have rhabdomyolysis with evidence of renal insufficiency. His condition progressed to bilateral compartment syndrome and renal failure requiring dialysis. After bilateral fasciotomies were performed he had resolution of his compartment syndrome. He continued to be dialysis dependent and had no return of his renal function at discharge 12 days after admission.