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Case Reports in Genetics
Volume 2017, Article ID 6390545, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6390545
Case Report

FOXE1 Mutation Screening in a Case with Cleft Lip, Hypothyroidism, and Thyroid Carcinoma: A New Syndrome?

1Ciprés Grupo Médico S.C. (CGM), Felipe Villanueva 700, Col. Morelos, 50120 Toluca, MEX, Mexico
2Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (UAEMex), Felipe Villanueva Sur 1209, Col. Rancho Dolores, 50170 Toluca, MEX, Mexico
3Programa de Maestría en Ciencias Bioquímicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
4Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genómica (INMEGEN), Mexico City, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Hugo Mendieta-Zerón; moc.oohay@47_hzem

Received 3 May 2017; Revised 19 July 2017; Accepted 30 July 2017; Published 27 August 2017

Academic Editor: Balraj Mittal

Copyright © 2017 Hugo Mendieta-Zerón et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A 26-year-old woman is referred to the Internal Medicine consultation due to increases in laboratory studies associated with Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma (PTC) that was confirmed by histopathological studies. Her clinical history revealed that, at 3 months of age, she was successfully treated with surgery for cleft lip (CL) and at the age of 24 years was diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FOXE1 and its promoter regions have been associated with various etiologies related to the thyroid, including orofacial clefting, specially cleft palate (CP) and CL, hypothyroidism (HT), and thyroid cancer. The association of CL, HT, and PTC might be component of a new syndrome; however FOXE1 coding region, which has been involved with these entities, has not exhibited mutations or SNPs. Further study of other genes may help in better characterization of the possible syndrome.