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Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 504295, 3 pages
Case Report

Acute Cholangitis following Intraductal Migration of Surgical Clips 10 Years after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

1Academic Surgical Unit, St Mary’s Hospital, 8th Floor, QEQM Building, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK
2Biosurgery & Surgical Technology, Department of Surgery & Cancer, Imperial College London, St Mary’s Hospital, 10th Floor, QEQM Building, Praed Street, London W2 1NY, UK

Received 15 December 2014; Accepted 12 March 2015

Academic Editor: Antonio Macrì

Copyright © 2015 Natalie E. Cookson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy represents the gold standard approach for treatment of symptomatic gallstones. Surgery-associated complications include bleeding, bile duct injury, and retained stones. Migration of surgical clips after cholecystectomy is a rare complication and may result in gallstone formation “clip cholelithiasis”. Case Report. We report a case of a 55-year-old female patient who presented with right upper quadrant pain and severe sepsis having undergone an uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy 10 years earlier. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed hyperdense material in the common bile duct (CBD) compatible with retained calculus. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed appearances in keeping with a migrated surgical clip within the CBD. Balloon trawl successfully extracted this, alleviating the patient’s jaundice and sepsis. Conclusion. Intraductal clip migration is a rarely encountered complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy which may lead to choledocholithiasis. Appropriate management requires timely identification and ERCP.