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Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 1378046, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1378046
Case Report

Diagnostic Colonoscopy Leading to Perforated Appendicitis: A Case Report and Systematic Literature Review

First Propedeutic Surgical Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece

Received 29 July 2016; Revised 10 October 2016; Accepted 18 October 2016

Academic Editor: R. J. L. F. Loffeld

Copyright © 2016 Daniel Paramythiotis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Intestinal perforation is a known complication after colonoscopy. However, appendiceal involvement with inflammation and perforation is extremely rare and only 37 cases of postcolonoscopy appendicitis have been reported so far. We describe a case of perforated appendicitis 24 hours after colonoscopy that was treated successfully in our Department. Case Report. A 60-year-old female patient underwent a colonoscopy during the investigation of nontypical abdominal pain without pathologic findings. 24 hours after the examination she presented gradually increased right lower quadrant abdominal pain and a CT scan was performed, showing an inflammation of the appendiceal area with free peritoneal air. Through laparotomy, perforated appendicitis was diagnosed and an appendectomy was performed. The patient was discharged on the tenth postoperative day in good health condition. Discussion. The characteristics of all cases reported in the literature are described, including our case. Perforated appendicitis soon after a colonoscopy is a rare, but serious complication; therefore, it is crucial to be included in the differential diagnosis of postcolonoscopy acute abdominal pain.