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Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2963681, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2963681
Case Report

A Case of Chronic Calcific Nonalcoholic Pancreatitis

1School of Medicine, St. George’s University, True Blue, Grenada
2Department of Internal Medicine, Woodhull Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA

Received 31 May 2016; Accepted 25 October 2016

Academic Editor: Stephanie Van Biervliet

Copyright © 2016 Aaron Kangas-Dick et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Tropical Calcific Pancreatitis (TCP) is a type of chronic calcific nonalcoholic pancreatitis. Similar to nonalcoholic chronic pancreatitis, it presents in the second and third decades of life; however this type is reported mostly in the developing tropical and subtropical countries. It is associated with the formation of pancreatic calculi and a high probability of developing insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Epidemiologic studies have shown that these patients have an increased risk of developing pancreatic carcinoma. The etiology of TCP remains uncertain, with the current consensus suggesting genetics as well as possible toxicity from consuming large amounts of cassava, a tuber. Definite diagnosis of TCP requires younger age of onset, history of malnutrition, and presence of diabetes mellitus along with extensive pancreatic calcification and ductal calculi. When patients meet most but not all of these conditions the term Idiopathic Chronic Pancreatitis (ICP) is used. This is a case of a 44-year-old man who presented with most features seen in TCP, and however, was diagnosed with ICP.