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Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Volume 2017, Article ID 7294896, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7294896
Case Report

Aberrant Pancreatic Tissue in a Mediastinal Enteric Duplication Cyst: A Rarity with Review of Literature

1Department of Pathology, Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya, New Delhi, India
2Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya, New Delhi, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Nidhi Mahajan; moc.liamg@5160ihdin

Received 27 February 2017; Accepted 12 April 2017; Published 26 April 2017

Academic Editor: Chia-Tung Shun

Copyright © 2017 Meha Mansi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mediastinal enteric duplication cysts are a rare congenital malformation encountered mainly in neonates and infants. It is a distinct entity within the family of foregut duplication cysts. It can present with respiratory distress due to mass effect and hence surgical excision is the preferred treatment. Histologically, it is characterised by a double layered smooth muscle wall with intestinal lining epithelium. We report a case of mediastinal enteric duplication cyst with aberrant pancreatic tissue in a neonate due to its rarity and early presentation. A neonate presented with respiratory distress and a cystic mass in the right posterior mediastinum. The lesion was excised and on histopathological analysis the diagnosis of mediastinal enteric duplication cyst was made. Also, aberrant pancreatic tissue which has been reported rarely was noted in this case. We discuss this case and review similar cases reported in literature.