Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Hematology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9593750, 3 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9593750
Case Report

Spontaneous Complete Remission in a Patient with Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Severe Sepsis

1Department of Hematology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Research Center for Rational Use of Drugs, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Infectious Disease, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence should be addressed to Ali Asadollahi-Amin

Received 26 February 2017; Revised 8 June 2017; Accepted 21 June 2017; Published 24 July 2017

Academic Editor: Ramon Tiu

Copyright © 2017 Rambod Mozafari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Without treatment, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is almost always fatal. Spontaneous remission of AML is a rare phenomenon and usually with a short duration. The exact mechanisms are unknown. However, its association with infection and blood transfusions has been described. We report a 53-year-old male who presented with severe sepsis and who was diagnosed with AML (M4). He has experienced complete spontaneous remission with relatively long duration. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first case of spontaneous remission described in Iran.