Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Hepatology
Volume 2016, Article ID 7082387, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7082387
Case Report

Severe Anemia with Hemoperitoneum as a First Presentation for Multinodular Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Rare Event in Western Countries

1Department of Internal Medicine, Interfaith Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
2Department of Pathology, Interfaith Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
3Division of Oncology, Interfaith Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA

Received 12 August 2016; Revised 2 November 2016; Accepted 10 November 2016

Academic Editor: Tawesak Tanwandee

Copyright © 2016 Thein Swe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. M. Llovet, A. Burroughs, and J. Bruix, “Hepatocellular carcinoma,” The Lancet, vol. 362, no. 9399, pp. 1907–1917, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Yoshida, Y. Mamada, N. Taniai, and E. Uchida, “Spontaneous ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma,” Hepatology Research, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 13–21, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. N. Bassi, E. Caratozzolo, L. Bonariol et al., “Management of ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma: implications for therapy,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 1221–1225, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Tanaka, R. Takeda, S. Mukaihara et al., “Treatment of ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma,” International Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 291–295, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Kanematsu, T. Imaeda, Y. Yamawaki et al., “Rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma: predictive value of CT findings,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 158, no. 6, pp. 1247–1250, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Veltchev, “Spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma and hemoperitoneum management and long term survival,” Journal of IMAB, vol. 1, pp. 53–57, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  7. B. G. Choi, S. H. Park, J. Y. Byun, S. E. Jung, K. H. Choi, and J.-Y. Han, “The findings of ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma on helical CT,” British Journal of Radiology, vol. 74, no. 878, pp. 142–146, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. C. H. Lai and W. Y. Lau, “Spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma: a systematic review,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 191–198, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Z. Jia, F. Tian, and G. Jiang, “Ruptured hepatic carcinoma after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization,” Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental, vol. 74, pp. 41–43, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. W. H. Chan, C. F. Hung, K. T. Pan et al., “Impact of spontaneous tumor rupture on prognosis of patients with T4 hepatocellular carcinoma,” Journal of Surgical Oncology, vol. 113, no. 7, pp. 789–795, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. N. Battula, M. Madanur, O. Priest et al., “Spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma: a Western experience,” The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 197, no. 2, pp. 164–167, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Y. Chen, X. Z. Lin, J. S. Shin, C. Y. Lin, T. C. Leow, and T. T. Chang, “Spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma. A review of 141 Taiwanese cases and comparison with nonrupture cases,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 238–242, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. M. Miyamoto, T. Sudo, and T. Kuyama, “Spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma: a review of 172 Japanese cases,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 67–71, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C.-L. Liu, S.-T. Fan, C.-M. Lo et al., “Management of spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma: single-center experience,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 19, no. 17, pp. 3725–3732, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. Zhong, X. Cheng, K. He, S. Sun, J. Zhou, and H. Chen, “Treatment outcomes of spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma with hemorrhagic shock: a multicenter study,” SpringerPlus, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1101, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. M. Islam, P. Deka, R. Kapur, and M. A. Ansari, “Non-bleeding spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma,” Nigerian Journal of Surgery, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 82–84, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. M. Lubner, C. Menias, C. Rucker et al., “Blood in the belly: CT findings of hemoperitoneum,” Radiographics, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 109–125, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus